Shoulder of our body really consists of several joints that combine with tendons and muscles to allow a wide range of motion to the arm. Mobility has its price, however. It may lead to increasing problems with instability or impingement of soft tissue resulting in pain. You may feel pain only when the shoulder is moved, or all of the time. The pain may be temporary and disappear in a short time, or it may continue and require medical diagnosis and treatment. Most shoulder problems involve the soft tissues, muscles, ligaments, and tendons, rather than bones. Apart from dislocations most of the shoulder problems lead to stiffness of the shoulder in addition to pain. In young people, the common problem is dislocation of the shoulder joint, often repeatedly. It may have started after an initial injury.
Some people may even dislocate their shoulders in their sleep. With appropriate surgery, these youngsters can go back to their sports and enjoy life without the constant fear of their shoulders coming out. From middle age onwards the problems of the shoulder leading to stiffness are due to inflammation of tissue ultimately leading to tears of tendons (part of muscle). Sometimes patients develop frozen shoulders with completely stiff shoulders which is more common in diabetic patients. This can be treated with simple medications and appropriate physiotherapy. Sometimes patients may need surgery to get good shoulder function back. For further information
Sports injuries are injuries that occur to athletes in major sporting events. In many cases, these types of injuries are due to overuse of a part of the body when participating in a certain activity. For example, runner’s knee is a painful condition generally associated with running, while tennis elbow is a form of repetitive stress injury at the elbow, although it does often occur with tennis players. Other types of injuries can be caused by a hard contact with something. This can often cause a broken bone or torn ligament or tendon.
Injuries are a common occurrence in professional sports and most teams have a staff of Athletic Trainers and close connections to the medical community. Controversy has arisen at times when teams have made decisions that could threaten a player’s long-term health for short-term gain.
Sports injuries can be broadly classified as either traumatic or overuse injuries. Traumatic injuries account for most injuries in contact sports such as Football, Rugby, Australian rules football, Gaelic football and American football because of the dynamic and high collision nature of these sports. These injuries range from bruises and muscle strains to fractures and head injuries.
A bruise or contusion is damage to small blood vessels which causes bleeding within the tissues. A muscle strain is a small tear of muscle fibers and a ligament sprain is a small tear of ligament tissue. The body’s response to these sports injuries is the same in the initial five day period immediately following the traumatic incident – inflammation.
Common Sports injuries:
Head and neck injury – loss of consciousness, paralysis or even death
Concussion – loss of consciousness or even death
Fractures – a hairline fracture to a crushing injury
Ligament sprains/tears – ACL tears, ankle sprains
Muscle strains/tears – hamstring pull, quadriceps tear
Bruises and abrasions – open wounds on the skin, blunt injuries
Overuse injuries – tennis elbow, runner’s knee, iliotibial band friction syndromeBurnout, and fatigue – due to overtraining also leads to injuries